As people learn about new cannabis strains, there are likely some things about them that pique people’s curiosity. Specifically, most people probably don’t realize how these are made. In fact, when creating hybrid strains, cultivators can use a number of methods in order to give birth to their new creations.
Now, let’s take a look at some of the methods that can be used in order to accomplish this.
Methods for Creating Hybrid Strains
It should be noted that hybrid strains can be made through sexual and asexual methods. That said, the sexual methods are created when a “female” plant is pollinated with “male” pollen, which can occur naturally. However, cultivators can use selective breeding to choose the specific plants that they want to use to reinforce specific characteristics.
Cultivators can also use asexual methods to grow and even create new plants. These processes focus more on creating new plants once the strain is already established. These methods involve cloning, cuttage, and division of roots.
The cloning method involves taking a cutting from a living plant before letting it grow into its own plant. This method is mostly used when creating duplicate plants without having to germinate seeds.
Similarly, cuttage involves taking a cutting from one plant and grafting it to another plant in order to make a new one. This is useful when seed germination is very difficult. Through the use of this method, it is possible to create a hybrid plant from more than two parents.
Root Division, in a similar method to cloning, involves taking a piece of the root and replanting it. Once this is done, the root will regrow into a new plant. The difference between this and cloning is that, where cloning starts with a limb and grows roots, this method starts with the root and grows up.
Reasons for Creating Hybrid Strains
There are a number of different reasons to create new hybrid strains for cannabis. The main one is because you want to augment certain characteristics in order to make the “child” strain even better than the “parents.” What these specific characteristics are can include, but are not limited to, one or more of the following:
- Including a specific cannabinoid content
- Adding a resin content
- Creating a larger yield
- Improving disease and pest resistance
Knowing the Different Types When Creating Hybrid Strains
When creating your new hybrid strain, you’ll want to know the different types of strains that you can create while going through the hybridization process. Firstly, you can create a pure sativa or indica strain, which comes about when you are using strains of the same type as the “parents,” like using only sativa or indica. Next, you could create a hybrid with aspects of both types to create a sativa- or indica-dominant hybrid. Depending on which parent gives the hybrid most of its characteristics will affect which type it is.
As more people use cannabis, it will be expected that new strains are created in order to keep things fresh. As such, more hybrids will likely be created, growing the various “lineages” that make them up.
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